Taking Loans from a Solo 401k

I run my own florist’s shop where the only employee is my wife. Can I set up a Solo 401k plan for my business that I can take a loan from in future? I do hire some help occasionally but have no other full time employees as of now.- Herman F. Stout, Pullman, WA 99163 

Businesses like yours that do not employ full time employees can set up a Solo 401k or Self Employed 401k, as it is also called. The fact that your wife is a full time employee does not prevent you from opening this retirement benefit plan. To all intents and purposes, the IRS considers your wife as a partner in your business rather than an actual employee.

You can take a loan from this account at a future date if you have a financial emergency. There are some stipulations and restrictions regarding taking loans in this way. A most important one is that you have to limit your loan to half of your account balance in the 401k account. Plus, the total loan should not exceed $50,000. When you repay the loan, the money goes back into the account and so does any interest you pay on the loan. In effect, through the Solo 401k loan you give yourself a loan and pay yourself back too.

Making sure that you do repay on time is very critical because you would end up paying penalties otherwise. If you fail to follow the loan repayment terms you may even end up paying tax on the amount you have withdrawn. A good way to keep track of your loan is to use a DIY 401k suite like http://runityourself401k.com/. With this software package it is an easy task to view your account status, get monthly statements as well as manage the account by just investing a few minutes of your time every month.